Inflammatory / infectious


Topic Completed: 1 May 2007

Minor changes: 5 July 2020

Copyright: 2007-2021, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed search: Inflammation Cervix

Branko Perunovic, D.M.
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Table of Contents
Definition / general
Cite this page: Perunovic B. Inflammation-general. PathologyOutlines.com website. https://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/cervixinflammation.html. Accessed December 3rd, 2021.
Definition / general
  • At menarche, the ovaries produce estrogen, leading to glycogen uptake by cervix and vaginal squamous mucosa
  • Shedding cells promote the growth of vaginal aerobes and anaerobes, leading to a reduced (acidic) vaginal pH, which causes metaplastic transformation of transformation zone mucosa from columnar to squamous in exposed endocervix
  • Squamous epithelium overgrows columnar epithelium, obstructing crypt openings and forming Nabothian cysts
  • Produces acute and chronic inflammatory infiltrate
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