Esophagus
Other nonneoplastic
Cysts


Topic Completed: 1 November 2012

Minor changes: 15 December 2020

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PubMed Search: Cysts[TI] esophagus[TI]


Elliot Weisenberg, M.D.
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Cite this page: Weisenberg E. Cysts. PathologyOutlines.com website. https://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/esophaguscysts.html. Accessed May 15th, 2021.
Definition / general
Bronchogenic cysts
Definition / general
  • Often young women with dysphagia or chest pain during exercise (Clin Imaging 2006;30:309)
  • Developmental cysts arise from anomalous budding of foregut bronchial structures; contains cartilage and mucus glands, smooth muscle and ciliated columnar epithelium


Case reports

Microscopic (histologic) images

AFIP images:

Cyst lined by respiratory epithelium

Duplication cysts
Definition / general
  • Also called gastroenteric cyst, foregut cyst
  • Congenital anomaly, usually lower esophagus
  • Most are intramural; usually isolated anomaly; however, duplications external to esophageal wall may be associated with vertebral anomalies
  • 90% do not communicate with esophagus
  • Usually symptomatic causing dysphagia or respiratory difficulty


Case reports

Treatment

Clinical images

Images hosted on other servers:

Defect of the muscular layer



Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Mucosa, submucosa and muscular layers similar to GI tract; lined by either esophageal squamous, gastric, primitive, ciliated columnar or small intestinal epithelium


Microscopic (histologic) images

Images hosted on other servers:

Cyst wall

Inclusion cysts
Definition / general
  • Lined by squamocolumnar epithelium, may be ciliated
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