Penis & scrotum



Last author update: 1 February 2010
Last staff update: 30 April 2024 (update in progress)

Copyright: 2002-2024,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Balanoposthitis penis

Alcides Chaux, M.D.
Antonio L. Cubilla, M.D.
Page views in 2023: 8,591
Page views in 2024 to date: 4,606
Cite this page: Chaux A, Cubilla AL. Balanoposthitis. website. Accessed June 16th, 2024.
Definition / general
  • Common in uncircumcised newborns or uncircumcised men with poor hygiene and accumulation of smegma
  • May be due to poor hygiene, sexual transmission or associated with dermatologic disorders
  • Due to propensity of pathogenic bacteria to adhere to inner mucosal surface of foreskin
  • Often sexually transmitted in adults (Hinyokika Kiyo 2005;51:737)
  • Also sexually transmitted for adults with Candida albicans, with pathogenicity concentrated to a few genotypes (Clin Infect Dis 2008;47:1119)
Clinical features
Case reports
Clinical images

Images hosted on other servers:

Marked ulceration with tissue destruction

Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Nonspecific inflammatory infiltrate with lymphocytes, plasma cells and macrophages
  • Causative agent usually not discernable by routine examination
  • Epithelial changes such as squamous hyperplasia and ulceration can be associated with inflammation
  • Fungal hyphae may be present
Microscopic (histologic) images

Images hosted on other servers:

Dermis with
infiltrate and dilated
blood vessels

Positive stains
Back to top
Image 01 Image 02