Prostate gland & seminal vesicles

Benign mimickers of carcinoma

Verumontanum mucosal hyperplasia

Topic Completed: 1 September 2015

Minor changes: 9 January 2020

Copyright: 2003-2020,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Verumontanum mucosal hyperplasia

Andres Matoso, M.D.
Page views in 2020: 1,423
Page views in 2021 to date: 1,554
Cite this page: Matoso A. Verumontanum mucosal hyperplasia. website. Accessed December 3rd, 2021.
Definition / general
  • Well circumscribed small acinar proliferation in or adjacent to verumontanum and posterior prostatic urethra
  • The verumontanum is located in the posterior aspect of the prostatic urethra
  • It is the area where the utricle and the ejaculatory ducts merge with the urethra
Clinical features
  • The presence of verumontanum mucosa gland hyperplasia is an asymptomatic morphologic variant of the glands underlying the posterior wall of the prostatic urethra
  • Can be identified in TURP specimens or in needle biopsies of the prostate
Case reports
  • Not required
Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Crowded small acinar proliferation, usually arranged in a well circumscribed nodule
  • The glands can have intraluminal concretions that vary in color from orange to gray or green
  • May be seen underlying the urethral urothelium
Positive stains
  • The immunophenotype is identical to normal prostate glands, including basal cell markers
Differential diagnosis
  • Verumontanum mucosal gland hyperplasia (VMGH), when present in a prostate needle biopsy, could be mistaken for low grade prostatic adenocarcinoma (Gleason pattern 3)
  • The lobular architecture and the presence of basal cells are features to differentiate it from Gleason pattern 3 cancer
  • Another helpful feature is the presence of corpora amylacea or the orange-grey-green concretions that are features of VMGH and not of prostatic carcinoma
  • Occasionally, it can present with a papillary architecture simulating prostatic duct adenocarcinoma
  • In contrast to prostatic duct carcinoma, the cells in VMGH are more cuboidal and without nuclear atypia
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