Soft tissue

Fibroblastic / myofibroblastic

Fibroma of tendon sheath

Topic Completed: 1 July 2012

Minor changes: 8 October 2021

Copyright: 2002-2021,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Fibroma of tendon sheath

Komal Arora, M.D.
Page views in 2020: 11,312
Page views in 2021 to date: 13,135
Cite this page: Arora K. Fibroma of tendon sheath. website. Accessed October 23rd, 2021.
Definition / general
  • 60% men, ages 30 - 50 years old with nodule on fingers, hands or wrist
Case reports
  • Excise to relieve symptoms but preserve function, may be difficult to remove from adherent tendons
  • Benign, but up to 24% recur; does not metastasize
Clinical images

Images hosted on other servers:

Multiple non-movable deep seated nodules on palm

Gross description
  • Well circumscribed, small fibrous multinodular mass < 3 cm, cut surface is pale, solid and homogeneous
Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Well circumscribed nodules of dense fibrous tissue with occasional spindle or stellate mesenchymal cells in S or C shaped patterns
  • Cells have scant cytoplasm and elongate nuclei with evenly distributed fine chromatin
  • Often dilated or slit-like channels / clefts resembling tenosynovial spaces
  • Varies from cellular to paucicellular
  • May have bizarre tumor cells, extravasated red blood cells, but no atypical mitotic figures, no necrosis, no hyperchromasia
Microscopic (histologic) images

AFIP images

Multinodular proliferation

Transition from collagenous to cellular area

Fibroblasts are bland
(ruling out sarcoma)
and separated
by collagen

Cellular area
or fibrosarcoma

of nodules

Most cases are
with scattered
spindled fibroblasts

Electron microscopy description
  • Resembles myofibroblasts and fibroblasts
Electron microscopy images

Images hosted on other servers:

Various images

Positive stains
Molecular / cytogenetics description
Differential diagnosis
  • Sarcoma: rare in hands and feet, usually large masses with cellularity, marked chromatin abnormalities and abnormal mitotic figures
  • Benign fibrous histiocytoma: usually not hands or feet, prominent histiocyte-like cells, foam cells, giant cells and hemosiderin, CD68+
  • Giant cell tumor of tendon sheat: more cellular, cells have histiocyte-like nuclei, also prominent giant cells, foam cells, hemosiderin; no slit-like vascular spaces, no extensive hyalinized stroma
Additional references
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