Soft tissue
Cavernous hemangioma

Topic Completed: 1 November 2012

Minor changes: 11 September 2020

Copyright: 2003-2021,, Inc.

PubMed search: cavernous [title] hemangioma soft tissue

Vijay Shankar, M.D.
Page views in 2020: 17,398
Page views in 2021 to date: 6,688
Cite this page: Shankar, V. Cavernous hemangioma. website. Accessed May 7th, 2021.
Definition / general
  • In skin, called port wine nevus or nevus flammeus
  • Present at birth, grows slowly with patient; does not regress
  • In deep locations may thrombose, ulcerate, become infected; associated with thrombocytopenia, intravascular coagulation
  • Associated with von Hippel Lindau disease, which has cavernous hemangiomas in cerebellum, brain stem, eye grounds
  • Sinusoidal hemangiomas: cavernous hemangiomas with dilated, interconnected, thin walled channels with occasional pseudopapillary projections
Gross description
  • 1 - 2 cm (larger than capillary), sharply defined
Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Large cystically dilated vessels with thin walls
  • Intravascular thrombosis or calcification is common
Microscopic (histologic) images

Contributed by Shilpa Jain, M.D.


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