Lymph nodes & spleen, nonlymphoma

Spleen-vascular tumors


Topic Completed: 1 December 2013

Minor changes: 12 October 2020

Copyright: 2003-2021,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Hemangiopericytoma spleen

Vijay Shankar, M.D.
Page views in 2020: 5,564
Page views in 2021 to date: 10,141
Cite this page: Shankar V. Hemangiopericytoma. website. Accessed October 16th, 2021.
Definition / general
  • Very rare vascular neoplasm of uncertain biological behavior
  • Primarily affects middle aged adults
  • Males and females are equally affected
Clinical features
  • Usually asymptomatic, can present with splenomegaly
  • Can present with hemoperitoneum due to spontaneous or traumatic rupture
  • CT or MRI, then histopathological confirmation
Radiology images

Images hosted on other servers:

Active bleeding in splenic cystic lesion

Case reports
  • Partial or total splenectomy
Gross description
  • Single or multiple, encapsulated, soft to rubbery
  • Average size is 6.5 cm
Gross images

Images hosted on other servers:

Lobulated, solid, well circumscribed nodules

Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Well developed, branching, thick walled blood vessels surrounded by connective tissue sheath
  • Monotonous cells with moderate to high cellularity
  • Hemorrhagic and cystic degeneration can be seen
  • Rarely manifest as multiple abscesses
Positive stains
Molecular / cytogenetics description
Back to top
Image 01 Image 02