Stains & molecular markers
Cathepsin B (CTSB)

Topic Completed: 1 September 2012

Minor changes: 14 December 2020

Copyright: 2003-2021,, Inc.

PubMed Search: cathepsin b[title]

Nat Pernick, M.D.
Page views in 2020: 147
Page views in 2021 to date: 12
Cite this page: Pernick N. Cathepsin B. website. Accessed January 20th, 2021.
Definition / general
  • Lysosomal cysteine protease associated with focal adhesions, inhibited by cystatin C, an endogenous cysteine protease inhibitor
  • Usually acts only in cell cytoplasm, but in malignant tumors is secreted extracellularly and degrades extracellular matrix so tumor cells can invade
  • Highest staining at invasive edge of tumor
  • Acts as effector of invasion in HER2+ breast cancer (Mol Cell 2012;45:764), inflammatory breast cancer (Breast Cancer Res 2011;13:R115), prostate cancer (Int J Cancer 2012;131:2034)
  • In gliomas, radiation treatment increases cathepsin B levels, suggesting that inhibition may be useful therapy (Neuro Oncol 2012;14:745, Mol Carcinog 2012;52:777)
  • Inhibition may limit breast cancer metastases (Cancer Res 2012;72:1199)
Clinical features
Uses by pathologists
Microscopic (histologic) images

Images hosted on other servers:

Breast: inflammatory carcinoma and breast cancer NOS

Colon cancer

Prostate: benign and malignant

Missing Image

Lung: nonsmall
cell cancer tumor

Positive staining - normal
  • Bowel, prostate, skin, thyroid; some endothelial cells
Positive staining - disease
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