Vulva, vagina & female urethra


Bartholin cyst

Topic Completed: 1 March 2013

Minor changes: 26 July 2021

Copyright: 2002-2021,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Vulva Bartholin cyst

Monika Roychowdhury, M.D.
Page views in 2020: 18,958
Page views in 2021 to date: 19,333
Cite this page: Roychowdhury M. Bartholin cyst. website. Accessed October 15th, 2021.
Definition / general
  • Due to blockage of duct exiting Bartholin gland, causing accumulation of gland fluid; if infected, may form an abscess
  • Common infectious agents include sexually transmitted chlamydia and gonorrhea; E. coli and other normal flora
  • Cyst may occur secondary to gonorrhea or other acute inflammation, which causes abscess, then obstruction of duct
  • Painful; may be huge; seen in all ages but often women age 40+ years
  • May be associated with accessory breast tissue
  • May have mucocele-like changes (Hum Pathol 1978;9:111)
Case reports
  • Excise in older women because of risk of adenoid cystic carcinoma; otherwise marsupialize
Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Squamous and urothelial epithelium common but may be destroyed by inflammatory infiltrate
  • Still see residual mucinous glands with nonsulfated sialomucin
  • May have calcifications resembling malakoplakia
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