Nonneoplastic disorders

Author: Elliot Weisenberg, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 16 January 2018, last major update November 2012

Copyright: (c) 2003-2018,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Cysts[TI] esophagus[TI]

Cite this page: Weisenberg, E. Cysts. website. Accessed September 22nd, 2018.
Definition / general
Bronchogenic cysts
Definition / general
  • Often young women with dysphagia or chest pain during exercise (Clin Imaging 2006;30:309)
  • Developmental cysts arise from anomalous budding of foregut bronchial structures; contains cartilage and mucus glands, smooth muscle and ciliated columnar epithelium

Case reports

Microscopic (histologic) images

Images hosted on PathOut server:

Cyst lined by respiratory epithelium

Duplication cysts
Definition / general
  • Also called gastroenteric cyst, foregut cyst
  • Congenital anomaly, usually lower esophagus
  • Most are intramural; usually isolated anomaly; however, duplications external to esophageal wall may be associated with vertebral anomalies
  • 90% do not communicate with esophagus
  • Usually symptomatic causing dysphagia or respiratory difficulty

Case reports


Clinical images

Images hosted on other servers:

Defect of the muscular layer

Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Mucosa, submucosa and muscular layers similar to GI tract; lined by either esophageal squamous, gastric, primitive, ciliated columnar or small intestinal epithelium

Microscopic (histologic) images

Images hosted on other servers:

Cyst wall

Inclusion cysts
Definition / general
  • Lined by squamocolumnar epithelium, may be ciliated