Other nonneoplastic

Topic Completed: 1 November 2012

Minor changes: 9 September 2019

Copyright: 2003-2019,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Cysts[TI] esophagus[TI]

Elliot Weisenberg, M.D.
Page views in 2019: 1,484
Page views in 2020 to date: 793
Cite this page: Weisenberg E. Cysts. website. Accessed August 10th, 2020.
Definition / general
Bronchogenic cysts
Definition / general
  • Often young women with dysphagia or chest pain during exercise (Clin Imaging 2006;30:309)
  • Developmental cysts arise from anomalous budding of foregut bronchial structures; contains cartilage and mucus glands, smooth muscle and ciliated columnar epithelium

Case reports

Microscopic (histologic) images

AFIP images:

Cyst lined by respiratory epithelium

Duplication cysts
Definition / general
  • Also called gastroenteric cyst, foregut cyst
  • Congenital anomaly, usually lower esophagus
  • Most are intramural; usually isolated anomaly; however, duplications external to esophageal wall may be associated with vertebral anomalies
  • 90% do not communicate with esophagus
  • Usually symptomatic causing dysphagia or respiratory difficulty

Case reports


Clinical images

Images hosted on other servers:

Defect of the muscular layer

Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Mucosa, submucosa and muscular layers similar to GI tract; lined by either esophageal squamous, gastric, primitive, ciliated columnar or small intestinal epithelium

Microscopic (histologic) images

Images hosted on other servers:

Cyst wall

Inclusion cysts
Definition / general
  • Lined by squamocolumnar epithelium, may be ciliated
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