Author Procedures at PathologyOutlines.com

Revised: 14 September 2018
Copyright: (c) 2012-18, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

Author Procedures


  • Author checklists: Topics other than Stains, Stains / CD Markers / Molecular Markers

  • We estimate it will take 5 hours to write a topic and obtain images.
  • Authors must follow our procedures. Please complete topics within the designated time unless you tell us otherwise. We will try to cater to your interests. Do NOT work on other topics without our written permission.
  • After we confirm the topics you will author, we will email you a Word document of the topic as it currently exists along with the headings we use to organize topics. Upon completion, please email the revision to us. You will be required to respond to changes after review by our Editor in Chief, Deputy Editor and Editorial Board.
  • Write using bullet points and concise phrases.
  • Eliminate excess words and use a separate bullet for each fact (example):
    • Incorrect format:
      • This disease affects males and females equally. Approximately 10% of patients with this disease have clinical symptoms of fever and pain.
    • Correct format:
      • M=F
      • 10% have fever and pain (PMID XXXXXXXX)
  • Avoid abbreviations, other than those widely used, such as CT scan, HIV, PCR
  • Ensure that the topic contains material necessary for, or of interest to practicing pathologists
  • Images: you must include several H&E images (JPG, GIF, PNG or TIFF format, 600KB+, 1000 to 1600 pixels in height or width) demonstrating all important histologic features including low and high power and relevant immunostains. Images should be original and color balanced. Please provide a caption of 2-3 words to go under each image thumbnail (not "various images") and a more detailed figure legend to appear when the image is open that contains relevant information such as site, diagnosis and key histologic findings. Please specify which current images should be removed, including black and white images, outside images and poor quality images if your new images have rendered these redundant. Additionally, to make the topic complete, include clinical images, radiologic images, gross images, intraoperative images, EM images and molecular / cytogenetic images which can be provided by you or with links to PathoPic, Radiopaedia, WebPath, Wikipedia or free full text journals accessed via PubMed.
  • Websites that we find useful for virtual slides include: vMic, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of Leeds.
  • References: topics should have 5+ journal references and preferably 10. Authors should search PubMed for articles. References should be from journals published in English and most should be from within the past 5 years. Examples of preferred pathology journals are Am J Surg Pathol, Am J Clin Pathol, Arch Pathol Lab Med, Hum Pathol, Histopath, Mod Pathol, Pathology and Virchows Archiv. For case report citations, we prefer journals with free full text in English from the past 5 years. Please insert the PMID number for each reference after the text that it is supporting. Example: 30% present with advanced disease. PMID 27053535. For rare topics we prefer some citations, even if older or in a foreign language. Results from a study or anything not general knowledge should have a reference. WHO books or textbook references should be used sparingly, and only if they define histologic variants, grading or a newly recognized entity.
  • After completing the topic, we will post your name on the topics written. We will also post your name, contact information and a "head shot" on our Authors / Editorial Board page.
  • We pay $50 per topic completed, regardless of whether or not we license the content to others. We use Authors worldwide, but may be unable to pay some contributors outside the US and Canada, because the only payment options are check (payable to the Author only, US / Canada only), PayPal (email account required, but it can be any designated email) or Amazon gift card. Otherwise, we will consider your payment a donation to PathologyOutlines.com or our charity, Detroit College Promise. We will send the payment in December of each year, or earlier if you tell us you are done writing. For US residents who receive $600 or more per year from us, we will issue a 1099 form in February of the next year, and we will need your social security number or tax identification number.
  • Examples of well written topics:
  • Author checklists: Topics other than Stains, Stains / CD Markers / Molecular Markers


    Order of Topic Headings for Topics other than Stains / CD Markers / Molecular Markers (see below)


    See Lymphoma-Primary Amyloidosis, Nasal cavity-Nonkeratinizing squamous cell carcinoma undifferentiated, Testis-Teratoma for examples of well done topics.

    For ease of use, we put topic headings in the same order. Note that each topic heading may not be relevant for each topic, and there is some overlap of the topics. We do NOT want topic headings to contain obvious or repetitive information - leave them blank if there is nothing to include. If there is only one sentence for several topic headings, we may combine them.

    Definition/general:
    A 1-2 sentence summary of the topic.

    Essential features:
    This topic heading should be completed after the rest of the topic is finished, and should duplicate the 3-5 most important points mentioned elsewhere in the topic. In other words, it should list what every pathologist should know about the topic, or what would be in a Board Review book.

    Terminology:
    Other names used today or historically that pathologists may be more familiar with.

    ICD-10 coding:

    Epidemiology:
    Who gets this lesion - age, gender, geographic location, very strong causal connections (example: Kaposi sarcoma and HIV, HHV8); weaker associations are listed under clinical features).

    Sites:
    Parts of the body or organ typically affected.

    Pathophysiology:
    Step by step details of how the lesion / tumor arises (if not obvious).

    Etiology:
    Causes of the lesion (e.g. smoking).

    Diagrams:
    Those that don't automatically fit in another section.

    Clinical features:
    Anything clinical not included above or below. Includes associations with other conditions.

    Diagnostic criteria:
    Specific published criteria or generally accepted standards for diagnoses, with references.

    Laboratory:
    Typical findings (positive or negative).

    Radiology description:
    Typical findings (positive or negative).

    Radiology images:
    Typical findings.

    Prognostic factors:
    Favorable or unfavorable prognostic factors for a condition.

    Case reports:
    Provide at least 5 quality case reports, most of which should be recent (within 5 years). The format is typically "25 year old man with coexisting zzz (reference)." We prefer references from free full text journals / websites, so pathologists can review the entire article. If there are numerous articles that can be cited, preferentially cite those in English over other languages.

    Treatment:
    General modes of treatment. Drug dosages are usually not necessary - if you want to include them, please provide a reference.

    Clinical images:
    This includes intraoperative images or images of the patient but NOT gross images.

    Gross description:
    Description of the excised specimen.

    Gross images:
    Images of the excised specimen with figure legends.

    Frozen section description:
    Description of the features of tissue at frozen section, focusing on differences from the permanent section.

    Frozen section images:
    Images of the specimen at frozen section with figure legends.

    Micro description:
    Histologic features, common and uncommon. Associated features. Classification systems may be included here or under clinical features.

    Micro images:
    Author must take and submit high quality representative micro images with figure legends. Include low and high power, stains. If unavailable at this body site, you can include from another site with similar features.

    Virtual slides:
    See above for recommended websites.

    Cytology description:
    Cytologic features and limitations.

    Cytology images:
    Cytology images with figure legends that include description of cytology findings and preparation, i.e. PAP, DiffQuick, cell block.

    Peripheral smear description:
    For hematopathology, or as relevant.

    Peripheral smear images:
    Peripheral smear images with figure legends.

    Positive stains (IHC and special stains):
    List most commonly used first. If not uniformly positive, provide percentage of cases. List staining patterns if uncommon.

    Negative stains (IHC and special stains):
    List most commonly used first.

    Flow cytometry description:
    For hematopathology, or as relevant.

    Flow cytometry images:
    Flow cytometry scatterplot images with figure legends.

    Electron microscopy description:
    Electron microscopy diagnostic findings.

    Electron microscopy images:
    Electron microscopy images with figure legends.

    Molecular / cytogenetics description:
    Description of DNA / RNA findings based on testing via sequencing, PCR, FISH, CISH, ISH, cytogenetics, etc.

    Molecular / cytogenetics images:
    Images of FISH, CISH, ISH, electroperograms, PCR gels, karyograms, etc. with figure legends.

    Videos:
    Links to YouTube or other sites.

    Differential diagnosis:
    List names of entities in order from most to least important. Include most important differentiating features. We will link to the topic on our site.

    Additional references:
    General references for this topic not included above.

    Board Review Question(s):
    Prepare at least 2 board review style questions that highlight important content from this topic. These are not actual questions from the Pathology boards, but questions written in the same format. The first question should contain an image of the entity (if relevant), followed by a multiple choice question, such as Which of the following is true about this entity? (do not use Which of the following is false?) Questions should have only one answer, so these answers are not allowed: "all of the above", "none of the above", "A and C" . This question will be part of our Board Review page and a future app, so the user may not know the topic it is associated with. Next is a question that does not have an image associated with it. Click here for an example.
    Note: the topic should contain all of the information relevant to the correct and incorrect answers.

    Board Review Answer(s):
    Answers to the Question(s) above, sorted alphabetically by the first letter in the answer.



    Order of Topic Headings for Stains / CD Markers / Molecular Markers


    See GATA3 for an example of a well done topic.

    For ease of use, we put topic headings in the same order. Note that each topic heading may not be relevant for each topic, and there is some overlap of the topics. We do NOT want topic headings to contain obvious or repetitive information - leave them blank if there is nothing to include. If there is only one sentence for several topic headings, we may combine them.

    Definition/general:
    A 1-2 sentence summary of the topic.

    Essential features:
    This topic heading should be completed after the rest of the topic is finished, and should duplicate the 3-5 most important points mentioned elsewhere in the topic. In other words, it should list what every pathologist should know about the topic, or what would be in a Board Review book.

    Terminology:
    Other names used today or historically that pathologists may be more familiar with.

    Pathophysiology:
    Step by step details of how the marker typically works in the body beyond what is stated in Definition/General.

    Diagrams:
    Those that don't automatically fit in another section.

    Clinical features:
    Anything clinical not included above or below. Includes clinical conditions associated with an altered biomarker.

    Interpretation:
    Describe which part of the cell stains (cytoplasm, nucleus, Golgi) and any typical staining patterns (diffuse, dot-like).

    Uses by Pathologists:
    How are these results typically used by practicing pathologists? For many markers, there is "no current use by Pathologists."

    Prognostic factors:
    Favorable or unfavorable prognostic factors for a condition based on the biomarker result.

    Micro description:
    Any features describing staining patterns beyond what is stated above under Interpretation.

    Micro images:
    Author must take and submit high quality representative micro images with figure legends. Include low and high power.

    Virtual slides:
    See above for recommended websites.

    Positive staining (IHC and special stains) - normal:
    Tissues that are typically positive for the biomarker.

    Positive staining (IHC and special stains)- disease (or malignant):
    Diseases / malignancies that are typically positive for the biomarker.

    Negative staining (IHC and special stains):
    Tissues / diseases / malignancies that are typically negative for the biomarker.

    Molecular / cytogenetics description:
    Description of DNA / RNA findings based on testing via sequencing, PCR, FISH, CISH, ISH, cytogenetics, etc.

    Molecular / cytogenetics images:
    Images of FISH, CISH, ISH, electroperograms, PCR gels, karyograms, etc. with figure legends.

    Additional references:
    General references for this topic not included above.

    Board Review Question(s):
    Prepare a board review style question that highlights important content from this topic. These are not necessarily actual questions from the Pathology boards, but questions written in the same format. There should only be one answer. Click here for an example.
    Note: the topic should contain all of the information relevant to the correct and incorrect answers.

    Board Review Answer(s):
    Answers to the Question(s) above, sorted alphabetically by the first letter in the answer.

-- End --

If you are interested in being an author, please send your CV and a list of topics or chapters you are interested in writing / reviewing to Erin, our Author coordinator at editor.pathout@gmail.com with any questions.