Authors: Zubair W. Baloch, M.D., Joe D. Jakowski M.D., Ricardo R. Lastra, M.D., Susan Meanor R.D.M.S., R.T., Michelle R. Pramick, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 13 October 2015, (c) 2013-2015,, Inc.

Related: Jobs, Fellowships, Conferences, Cases

See also: Breast malignant, Cervix-Cytology, Lung tumor, Lymphoma, Salivary glands, Thyroid gland
Table of contents

General: primary references

Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration (USFNA): generalUSFNA vs. PGFNAcertificationcredentialingdocumentationeducation and trainingequipmentneedle placement techniqueprocedure assistancescanning techniqueterminology

Palpation guided Fine Needle Aspiration (PGFNA): general / historystep by step procedureanalysiscodingcontraindications / complicationsdocumentationequipmentpatient history & examsmear makingtechniquetraining

Cervix Cytology competency assessment: overviewnormal cytologybenign cellular changesorganismseffects of therapeutic agentspregnancymisc non-neoplasticepithelial cell abnormalitiesglandular cell abnormalitiesHPVPap test screening guidelinesPap test management guidelinesliquid-based PapBethesda systempractice monitors

Molecular Cytology competency assessment: overviewbasic principlesgene organizationinherited diseasesidentity testingbasic molecular oncologytechniquesclinical applicationsystem based monitors

Salivary gland Cytology competency assessment: generalfine needle aspirationnormal glandsthe cellsdiseasesneoplasmsbenign tumorsmalignant tumorsother tumorschildrenpractice monitors

Thyroid gland Cytology competency assessment: introductionnormal glandFNAspecimendiagnosisbenignneoplasmmalignantmolecularpractice monitors

Superpage: entire chapter

Primary references

Dogra VS, Saad WEA. Ultrasound-Guided Procedures. New York: Thieme, 2009
Baskin HJ, Duick DS, Levine RA. Thyroid Ultrasound and Ultrasound-Guided FNA. 3rd ed. New York: Springer Publishing; 2013

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