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Table of contents

General: primary referencesembryologynormal anatomynormal histology

Cytology: generalnormal findingsnon-neoplastic lesionsprimary noninvasive urothelial neoplasmsprimary invasive neoplasmssecondary neoplasmsbiomarker testingformat of diagnostic report

Congenital anomalies: AV malformationduplicationectopic prostateexstrophyhypoplasiapatent urachuspersistent cloaca

Acquired non-neoplastic anomalies: amyloidosiscollagen polypcystocelediverticulaendocervicosisendometriosisendosalpingiosislithiasisobstructionpseudocarcinomatous epithelial hyperplasiaTamm-Horsfall proteintreatment effecturinary diversion / neobladder

Cystitis: acuteBK virusbullouschroniccystitis cystica / glandularisemphysematouseosinophilicfolliculargranulomatoushemorrhagicinterstitialmalakoplakiapolypoid / papillaryradiationschistosomiasisxanthogranulomatous

Metaplasia: intestinal metaplasianephrogenic metaplasiasquamous metaplasia

Nonurothelial benign tumors: condylomafibroepithelial polyphemangiomainflammatory myofibroblastic tumorleiomyomaneurofibromapostoperative granulomaspost-operative spindle cell noduleprostatic-type polypsolitary fibrous tumorurachal lesionsvillous adenoma

Urothelial nonneplastic lesions: WHO/ISUP classificationflat hyperplasiapapillary hyperplasiaflat lesions with reactive atypiaflat lesions with atypia of unknown significancedysplasia

Urothelial neoplasms-noninvasive: carcinoma in situlow grade papillaryhigh grade papillarypapillary neoplasm of low malignant potentialurothelial papillomainverted urothelial papilloma

Urothelial carcinoma-invasive: WHO/ISUP classificationgeneralendophyticlarge cell neuroendocrinelymphoepithelioma-likelymphoma-likemicrocysticmicropapillarynestedplasmacytoidrhabdoidsarcomatoidwith glandular differentiationwith squamous differentiationwith trophoblastic differentiationundifferentiated-generalundifferentiated-large cellundifferentiated-osteoclast rich

Adenocarcinoma: in situgeneralclear cellhepatoidprostaticsignet ringurachal

Other carcinomas: metastasessmall cellsquamous cell

Other tumors: angiosarcomacarcinoidgastrointestinal stromal tumor/GISTgerm cell tumorleiomyosarcomalymphomamelanomaosteosarcomaparagangliomaperivascular epithelioid cell tumorplasmacytomarhabdomyosarcomaurachal sarcoma

Miscellaneous: stagingfrozen sectionsgrossingfeatures to report-TURBTfeatures to report-cystectomy


Index (Alphabetical table of contents)

A-E: acute cystitisadenocarcinoma in situadenocarcinoma generalamyloidosisangiosarcomaAV malformationBK virusbullous cystitiscarcinoidcarcinoma in situchronic cystitisclear cell adenocarcinomacollagen polypcondylomacystitis cystica / glandulariscystocelecytology-biomarker testingcytology-format of diagnostic reportcytology-generalcytology-non-neoplastic lesionscytology-normal findingscytology-primary invasive neoplasmscytology-primary noninvasive urothelial neoplasmscytology-secondary neoplasmsdiverticuladuplicationdysplasiaectopic prostateembryologyemphysematous cystitisendocervicosisendometriosisendophytic carcinomaendosalpingiosiseosinophilic cystitisexstrophy

F-N: features to report-cystectomyfeatures to report-TURBTfibroepithelial polypflat hyperplasiaflat lesions with atypia of unknown significanceflat lesions with reactive atypiafollicular cystitisfrozen sectionsgastrointestinal stromal tumor/GISTgerm cell tumorgranulomatous cystitisgrossinghemangiomahemorrhagic cystitishepatoid adenocarcinomahigh grade papillary carcinomahypoplasiainflammatory myofibroblastic tumorinterstitial cystitisintestinal metaplasiainvasive urothelial carcinoma-generalinverted urothelial papillomalarge cell neuroendocrine carcinomaleiomyomaleiomyosarcomalithiasislow grade papillary carcinomalymphoepithelioma-like carcinomalymphomalymphoma-like carcinomamalakoplakiamelanomametastasesmicrocystic carcinomamicropapillary carcinomanephrogenic metaplasianested carcinomaneurofibromanormal anatomynormal histology

O-Z: obstructionosteosarcomapapillary hyperplasiapapillary neoplasm of low malignant potentialparagangliomapatent urachusperivascular epithelioid cell tumorpersistent cloacaplasmacytoid carcinomaplasmacytomapolypoid / papillary cystitispostoperative granulomaspostoperative spindle cell noduleprostatic adenocarcinomaprostatic-type polyppseudocarcinomatous epithelial hyperplasiaradiation cystitisrhabdoid carcinomarhabdomyosarcomasarcomatoid carcinomaschistosomiasissignet ring adenocarcinomasmall cell carcinomasolitary fibrous tumorsquamous cell carcinomasquamous metaplasiastagingTamm-Horsfall proteintreatment effectundifferentiated carcinoma-generalundifferentiated-large cellundifferentiated carcinoma-osteoclast richurachal adenocarcinomaurachal lesionsurachal sarcomaurinary diversion / neobladderurothelial carcinoma with glandular differentiationurothelial carcinoma with squamous differentiationurothelial carcinoma with trophoblastic differentiationurothelial papillomavillous adenomaWHO/ISUP classification of invasive bladder carcinomaWHO/ISUP classification of urothelial nonneplastic lesionsxanthogranulomatous cystitis

Primary references
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AJCC Cancer Staging Manual (7th ed)
Eble: Pathology and Genetics of Tumours of the Urinary System and Male Genital Organs, 2004
Murphy: Tumors of the Kidney and Bladder (AFIP Atlas of Tumor Pathology, Series 3, Vol 11); 1994
Murphy: Tumors of the Kidney Bladder and Related Urinary Structures (AFIP Atlas of Tumor Pathology, 4th Series, Vol 1); 2004
Websites: Johns Hopkins Cytopathology Tutorial Johns Hopkins WHO/ISUP Tutorial websitePathoPicWebpathology.com

Recent Bladder / GU pathology books

Amin: 2013

Bostwick: 2014

Cheng: 2012

Dogra: 2012

Eble: 2004

Epstein: 2014


Gordetsky: 2013

Haber: 2010

Humphrey: 2013

Koss: 2012

Murphy: 2004

Zhou: 2012


Click here for other Bladder / GU Pathology books


End of Bladder chapter


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