Eye
Conjunctiva
Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis

Author: Deepali Jain, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 24 April 2018, last major update September 2013

Copyright: (c) 2004-2018, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.

PubMed Search: Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis [title]

Cite this page: Jain, D. Conjunctiva: acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis. PathologyOutlines.com website. http://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/eyeacutehemorrhagic.html. Accessed August 20th, 2018.
Terminology
  • Also known as Apollo disease
Epidemiology
  • First described in Ghana in 1969
  • Most common in developing countries, may affect > 50% of local population
Sites
Pathophysiology
  • Epidemic form is rapidly progressive and highly contagious
Etiology
Clinical features
  • Ocular pain, eyelid swelling, tearing, foreign body sensation or irritation, photophobia and conjunctival hemorrhages
  • Associated with polio-like paralysis
Laboratory
  • Eye mucous swab samples
Treatment
  • Symptomatic, usually self-limited after 5 - 7 days with no sequelae
  • Patient education to avoid spread
Clinical images

Images hosted on other servers:
Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Palpebral conjunctival follicular reaction
  • Subconjunctival hemorrhage ranging from petechiae to large areas, and congestion
  • Fine pinpoint epithelial keratitis