Features to report

Author: Hanni Gulwani, M.D. (see Authors page)

Revised: 7 February 2018, last major update September 2012

Copyright: (c) 2003-2018,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Features to report[TIAB] gallbladder

Table of Contents
Definition / general
Cite this page: Gulwani, H. Features to report. website. Accessed April 21st, 2018.
Definition / general
  • Tumor size and location
  • Tumor histologic type and pattern
  • Depth of invasion
  • Number and size of tumor nodules
  • Tumor extension to adjacent structures
  • Status of resection margins (cystic duct, liver bed, other)
  • Cystic duct involvement
  • Liver bed involvement
  • Regional lymph nodes: number identified, number with tumor
  • Angiolymphatic invasion
  • Perineural invasion
  • Presence of carcinoma in situ or dysplasia

Additional pathologic findings to report:
  • Chronic cholecystitis, metaplasia (squamous, pyloric gland, intestinal metaplasia), inflammatory bowel disease, porcelain gall bladder, presence or absence of stones (gallbladder cancer occurring without stones may be caused by anomalous choledochopancreatic junction or associated with chronic inflammatory bowel disease, Arch Pathol Lab Med 2000;124:37)