Other non-neoplastic lesions
Gastric Antral Vascular Ectasia (GAVE)
Reviewers: Elliot Weisenberg, M.D. (see Reviewers page)
Revised: 4 August 2012, last major update July 2012
Copyright: (c) 2003-2012, PathologyOutlines.com, Inc.
● Also called watermelon stomach
● Rare acquired vascular disease that may cause blood loss and iron deficiency anemia due to chronic antral hemorrhage
● Associated with connective tissue diseases, particularly systemic sclerosis, but etiology unclear (Arch Pathol Lab Med 2002;126:375)
● 70% occur in elderly women
● Iron supplementation in mild cases
● Argon laser photocoagulation or antrectomy in severe cases
● Parallel red stripes (hyperemic streaks) at antral mucosal folds resemble watermelon stripes (Endoscopy 2004;36:640)
● Minimal changes
● Increase in blood vessel number and diameter with fibrin thrombi, fibromuscular hyperplasia (Am J Surg Pathol 1987;11:750)
● Reactive foveolar epithelial changes, resembles reactive gastropathy
● Portal hypertension: causes vascular ectasia with different endoscopic appearance, no acute erosions, no fibrin thrombi
● Dieulafoy’s lesion / caliber persistent artery of stomach: large diameter artery in gastric submucosa that compresses mucosa, causing erosion, bleeding from artery; 60% mortality
End of Stomach > Other non-neoplastic lesions > Gastric Antral Vascular Ectasia (GAVE)
This information is intended for physicians and related personnel, who understand that medical information is often imperfect, and must be interpreted in the context of a patient's clinical data using reasonable medical judgment. This website should not be used as a substitute for the advice of a licensed physician.
All information on this website is protected by copyright of PathologyOutlines.com, Inc. Information from third parties may also be protected by copyright. Please contact us at [email protected] with any questions (click here for other contact information).