Penis & scrotum



Topic Completed: 1 February 2010

Minor changes: 28 October 2020

Copyright: 2002-2021,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Phimosis[TI] penis

Alcides Chaux, M.D.
Antonio L. Cubilla, M.D.
Page views in 2020: 4,603
Page views in 2021 to date: 4,872
Cite this page: Chaux A, Cubilla AL. Phimosis. website. Accessed October 24th, 2021.
Definition / general
  • Condition in which the foreskin cannot be retracted due to a small orifice
Clinical features
  • Smegma (desquamated epithelial cells, debris) may accumulate, causing secondary infections and possibly carcinoma
  • Must liberally sample foreskin to rule out other pathology
  • Most young boys who present with tight foreskins have physiologic phimosis, which will generally resolve by adolescence with proper foreskin hygiene (Can Fam Physician 2007;53:445)
Case reports
Clinical images

Images hosted on other servers:

Leprosy presenting as phimosis

Tight preputial orifice

Erection with phimosis

Phimotic foreskin


Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Fibrosis of lamina propria associated with nonspecific lymphocytic and lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate
  • Occasionally mucinous metaplasia in glans and foreskin
  • May be associated with underlying lichen sclerosus
  • May be associated with epithelial hyperplasia, dysplasia, penile intraepithelial neoplasia or occult early invasive carcinoma
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