Skin nontumor
Infectious disorders

Topic Completed: 1 July 2011

Minor changes: 20 August 2020

Copyright: 2002-2020,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Fungi - Maduramycosis

Nat Pernick, M.D.
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Cite this page: Pernick N. Fungi-Maduramycosis. website. Accessed October 21st, 2020.
Definition / general
  • Maduromycosis usually involves feet, and appears as a nodule or abscess, which progresses over months to years to a chronic infection with granulomatous nodules drained by skin sinuses, leading to deformities involving the bones
  • May be due to bacteria (70%) or fungi (30%)
  • Fungi include Madurella mycetomi; bacteria include Nocardia brasiliensis
  • First described in Madurai, India
  • Mycetoma caused by microaerophilic actinomycetes is termed actinomycetoma; mycetoma caused by true fungi is called eumycetoma (eMedicine)

  • Note: actinomycosis affects the cervical-facial, thoracic and pelvic areas; these bacteria are smaller than in maduromycosis
Case reports
Clinical images

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Madura foot

Microscopic (histologic) images

Contributed by Professor Venna Maheshwar, Drs. Kiran Alam and Anshu Jain

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Various images

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