Thyroid & parathyroid


Autoimmune thyroiditis

Topic Completed: 1 March 2009

Minor changes: 16 September 2020

Copyright: 2003-2021,, Inc.

PubMed Search: autoimmune thyroiditis thyroid

Shahid Islam, M.D., Ph.D.
Page views in 2020: 1,818
Page views in 2021 to date: 2,266
Cite this page: Islam S. Autoimmune thyroiditis. website. Accessed December 3rd, 2021.
Definition / general
  • Nonneoplastic thyroid disorders with antithyroid antibodies and associated with specific HLA haplotypes
  • #1 cause of hypothyroidism in iodine sufficient areas
  • Includes Graves' disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis and most forms of thyroiditis in this section except infectious
  • Rosai differentiates based on follicular epithelium: lymphocytic thyroiditis if relatively normal follicles, Hashimoto's thyroiditis if oncocytic change, Graves' disease if diffusely hyperplastic follicles
Clinical features
  • May be due to disturbance in suppressor T cells
Back to top
Image 01 Image 02