Topic Completed: 1 August 2012

Minor changes: 13 July 2020

Copyright: 2002-2020,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Normal pancreas[TI]

Deepali Jain, M.D.
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Cite this page: Jain D. Anatomy. website. Accessed August 7th, 2020.
Definition / general
  • 15 cm long, 60 - 140 g
  • Shape is compared to letter J turned sideways, with loop of J around the duodenum
  • Divided into head (right of left border of superior mesenteric vein; contains uncinate process), body (between left border of superior mesenteric vein and left border of aorta) and tail
  • Retroperitoneal organ, lies within duodenal curve, close to superior mesenteric artery and portal vein
  • Anterior body of pancreas touches posterior wall of stomach
  • Posterior of pancreas touches aorta, splenic vein and left kidney
  • Pancreatic tail extends to the splenic hilum
  • Has large functional reserve of cells


Various images

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Various images

Cytology images

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Figure 3

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