Bone marrow nonneoplastic



Last author update: 1 September 2012
Last staff update: 13 December 2021

Copyright: 2002-2023,, Inc.

PubMed Search: Bone marrow [title] osteoblasts [title]

Dragos C. Luca, M.D.
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Cite this page: Luca DC. Osteoblasts. website. Accessed September 25th, 2023.
Definition / general
  • Bone forming cell that arises from marrow mesenchymal (stromal) cells, unlike osteoclasts which are of hematopoietic origin
  • Along endosteal surface of bony trabeculae or along margins in marrow smears
  • Common in children; in adults associated with various diseases and healing biopsy sites
  • Synthesize angiopoietin and osteopontin, which inhibit hematopoietic stem cell proliferation (Br J Haematol 2006;134:467, J Clin Invest 2006;116:1195)
  • Synthesize and transport collagenous matrix, initiate and regulate mineralization, control removal of bone via osteoclasts
  • When active are plump and present on bone surface; eventually are encased within the collagen they produce and get flattened (and become osteocytes)
  • Activity is promoted by physical activity (Wolff's law of bone adaptation)
  • Express parathormone receptors (mediates the activation of osteoclasts) and vitamin D receptor
  • Control osteoclast activity via parathyroid hormone (parathormone), PHRP (parathyroid hormone related protein), IL1 and TNF alpha
  • Digestion of bone by osteoclasts releases cytokines and growth factors for osteoblasts
Diagrams / tables

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Interaction of osteoblasts and hematopoietic stem cells

Microscopic (histologic) description
  • Large (25 - 50 microns), often oval with abundant blue gray cytoplasm and perinuclear hof separated from the nucleus (unlike plasma cells)
  • Nucleus is markedly eccentric and round / ovoid with one or more nucleoli
Microscopic (histologic) images

AFIP images

Osteoblasts in marrow smear

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Positive stains
Negative stains
Electron microscopy description
  • Resemble fibroblasts due to well developed rough endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi zone
Electron microscopy images

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Colorized SEM

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